As Registered Psychologists we are trained in evidence-based styles of therapy. Depending on your Psychologist, they will be utilising the techniques most suited to your presentation. Of course, you can also read more about our psychologists and their preferred style of treatment on their profile.
The term ‘cognitive behaviour therapy’ or CBT refers to a group of psychotherapeutic modalities united by common principles, including cognitive therapy (CT), rational emotive behaviour therapy (REBT), problem solving therapy (PST), schema therapy, acceptance and commitment therapy (ACT), and dialectical behaviour therapy (DBT).
CBT is an evidence-based psychological approach which operates on the basic premise that thoughts, emotions, physical sensations and behaviours are interconnected. Dysfunctional information processing is posited to lie at the heart of psychological distress or pathology.The aim therefore of CBT is to change problematic emotions and maladaptive behaviours by modifying cognitive processes, which occur in the form of automatic thoughts (a private, involuntary ‘stream of consciousness’ specific to a particular situation), beliefs (tacit attitudes, rules and assumptions that influence automatic thoughts), and schemas or core beliefs (underlying global templates used for organising and processing information).
Acceptance and Commitment Therapy (ACT) is an evidenced-based form of Cognitive Behaviour Therapy. Unlike other models of psychotherapy, ACT does not target symptom reduction, but aims to maximise a person’s potential to create a meaningful and full life by using processes such as mindfulness, acceptance and value-driven action.
Dialectical Behaviour Therapy (DBT) treatment is a type of uses a CBT approach which emphasises the psychosocial aspects of treatment. The theory behind the approach is that some people are prone to react in a more intense and out-of-the-ordinary manner toward certain emotional situations, primarily those found in romantic, family and friend relationships. DBT theory suggests that some people’s arousal levels in such situations can increase far more quickly than the average person’s, attain a higher level of emotional stimulation, and take a significant amount of time to return to baseline arousal levels.
People who are sometimes diagnosed with borderline personality disorder experience extreme swings in their emotions, see the world in black-and-white shades, and seem to always be jumping from one crisis to another. Because few people understand such reactions — most of all their own family and a childhood that emphasised invalidation — they don’t have any methods for coping with these sudden, intense surges of emotion. DBT is a method for teaching skills that will help in this task.
Motivational Interviewing (MI) is a person-centered, goal-oriented style of counselling, which aims to draw out and strengthen an individual’s own motivation and commitment towards behaviour change. This is done by attending closely to the client’s language of change, exploring any ambivalence and evoking their reasons for change. The underlying spirit of MI is based on the principles of partnership, acceptance, compassion and evocation.
Interpersonal psychotherapy (IPT) is a structured, time-limited therapeutic modality which focuses on changing the interpersonal factors that predispose, precipitate, and perpetuate an individual’s distress. IPT research and application has heavily focused on mood disorders due to the common association between relationship discord and relationship cessation with depressive reactions. IPT is informed by attachment, communication and social theories and supported by recent research in the area of interpersonal neurobiology.
IPT differs from CBT in that it focuses on interpersonal communication and relationships rather than internal cognitions. In contrast to analytically-oriented treatments, IPT focuses on current factors contributing to the individual’s distress rather than on experiences from the individual’s childhood or remote past.
The list of the above treatment styles does not include all the therapies our psychologists use. If you are interested in a specific treatment style please don’t hesitate to contact us and we will be able to recommend a psychologist suited to your needs. To find out more about our psychologists please feel free to read more.